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Page “Emilie sees refugees, fleeing Confederate forces, pour into Philadelphia.”

June 27-29, 1863

Saturday, June 27, 1863.

Nell had a letter from reading Sarah Thomas is married it seems like a dream but it is reality Nellie was up this morning i […] there thi afternoon rach come in and plai

Sunday 28

d [plaid] a little while lovely day i went to church Johns preached for us his sermon was very good after church went to mrs colgates &  palmer & mary Jones I went down to Sunday school and […]

Monday 29

[…] to teach her class i sent a letter to Father last night To day has bin the most exciting day i has witness refugees are comin from all the towns this side of

Annotation 1

Refugees, both black and white, fled in advance of Lee’s June-July invasion of south-central Pennsylvania. Many Pennsylvanians of color fled to Philadelphia, where they hoped to find safety. Emilie was excited about seeing the refugees, but their stories likely aggravated her fears for her father’s safety. Emilie also notes this event in the memoranda pages of her diary for 1863. “The Skeedaddle from York,” The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 20, 1863; “Exodus of Colored Population,” The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 20, 1863.

Emilie also notes this event in the memoranda pages of her diary, to view this entry click here.


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